NZ Rail Maps - Main Site. New Zealand Railways Department (also known as New Zealand Government Railways) - New Zealand national rail owner/operator to 1982 New Zealand’s challenging landscapes demanded some remarkable feats of early railway engineers. Housed in the historic Waitakere Station, the model is filled with intricate details and colourful characters for our youngest visitors to find. We have new and used copies available, in 0 edition - starting at $68.70. Ten of the DB class were rebuilt into the DBR class at the same time. 1923 - West Coast line opens - its Otira tunnel, at 8.55km the longest in the British Empire and containing the nation's first electric railway. Three of the locomotives were introduced for operation on the North Island Main Trunk. Following the success of the Wairarapa railcar class, in 1938 the Standard class railcars were introduced. If you are looking for a detailed work on the history, expansion, and operation of New Zealand's railways, then this is the book for you. New Zealand Railway History in Photos. Our three iconic trains, Coastal Pacific, Northern Explorer, TranzAlpine and our Interislander Cook Strait ferry offer a seamless connection between the North and South islands, and to many spectacular destinations along the way. From the 1950s, rail's central role in the daily life of New Zealanders began to erode, as travellers opted to drive or fly rather than use passenger trains. The introduction of GMV Aramoana in 1962 heralded the start of inter-island ferry services run by NZR. [25] That year, the department carried 7.2 million passengers per year, down from 14.2 million in 1923. [3] During this period the Prime Minister George Forbes was also Minister of Railways, and Minister of Finance was former Minister of Railways Gordon Coates. In the nineteenth century there was no other form of land transport except horses, and horse-drawn carts and stage-coaches and every small settlement wanted a railway as a … 1984 – Electrification of North Island main trunk starts. A narrow-gauge line was opened on 1 January 1873, in the Otago Province, and Auckland's first railway, between Auckland and Onehunga, opened in 1873. 1997 - Tranz Rail share price peaks at $9. The RM class "88 seater" or "Fiats" also began entering service from 1955. The New Zealand Railways Road Services branch was formed to operate bus services. If you are looking for a detailed work on the history, expansion, and operation of New Zealand's railways, then this is the book for you. The most important construction project for NZR at this time was the central section of the North Island Main Trunk. A potted history of New Zealand railways: 1862 - first railway opens - a horse-drawn tramway from Dun Mountain copper mine to Port Nelson. New marshalling yards at Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch; The Milson Deviation of the North Island Main Trunk through, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 08:38. 2 The 20 mile line between Blenheim and Picton was opened on November 18, 1875. The area at Ferrymead that this railway occupied is now largely a Heritage Museum already with an operational railway which is rebuilt on much of the old original track foundation. Opening of the Midland Railway, Stillwater junction. [5], The Railways Department was formed in 1880 during the premiership of Sir John Hall. This led to the coining of the phrase "KB country" to describe the area, made famous by the National Film Unit's documentary of the same title. New Zealand Railways (old and what's left of them too) Originally, New Zealand's railways were constructed by provincial governments and private firms. In Website West Coast New Zealand History. By 1880, New Zealand Railways (NZR) was operating more than 1,900km of track, and carrying almost three million passengers and 830,000 tons of freight a year. [21] An exception was the Stratford–Okahukura Line, finished in 1933. [40] A pilot scheme of TMS began in 1973 on the Palmerston North - Gisborne Line between Woodville and Gisborne. From 1925 these included the Leyland experimental petrol railcar and a fleet of Model T Ford railbuses, the Sentinel-Cammell steam railcar and from 1926 the Clayton steam railcar and successful Edison battery-electric railcar. KiwiRail is one of New Zealand’s largest employers, with proud staff operating in more than 50 towns and cities across the country. In 1877 the first American locomotives were purchased; the NZR K class (1877) from Rogers, followed by the NZR T class of 1879 from Baldwin. ... West Coast New Zealand History (26th May 2019). The final section of the then ECMT, the Taneatua Branch, was also completed. Fell Locomotive Museum: Really interesting local history museum - railway fans will love it. In 1954, the New Zealand railway network reached its zenith in terms of distance with 5,600 km (3,500 mi), 60% of it on gradients between 1 in 100 and 1 in 200 and 33% steeper than 1 in 100. New Zealand Railway History in Photos. 1996 - Wisconsin Central and Fay Richwhite float 31 million shares to the public at $6.19/share. The following year the Canadian built General Motors DF class was introduced. New Zealand Rail Maps Home Page. In 1882, the first shipment of frozen meat from New Zealand made it successfully to England, proving … Apart from four brief experiments with independent boards, NZR remained under direct ministerial control for most of its history.[3]. NZ Rail … 2018 – Govt funding announced to enable the reopening of the mothballed Napier to Wairoa line. This "first sod turning" got me thinking about more early New Zealand history. They were not well suited to New Zealand conditions: they had overly complex valve gear, were too hot for crews manning them and too powerful for the wagons they were hauling. 518 likes. ↑ 3.0 3.1 Statistics New Zealand - Long term data series - Transport. [1] The Department was created in 1880 and was corporatised on 1 April 1982 into the New Zealand Railways Corporation. This led to the closure of the Rimutaka Incline and its unique Fell railway system. Three new locomotive classes appeared in 1939: the KA class, KB class and the J class. The introduction of a roll-on roll-off train ferry changed that. (Auckland Star, 1925-08-27)", "Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, Report of the Government Railways Board", New Zealand Railway and Locomotive Society, "Transforming our economy—Container shipping", "Road transport regulation a controversial measure to protect railways",, Defunct transport organisations based in New Zealand, Former government agencies of New Zealand, Rolling stock manufacturers of New Zealand, New Zealand companies established in 1880, Use New Zealand English from September 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Before the Aramoana was introduced, NZR could not compete for inter-island freight business, and the rail networks of both the North and South Islands were not well integrated. The final demise of steam came on 26 October 1971 with the withdrawal of the last class of mainline steam locomotives, the JA class in the South Island (although the NZR-operated heritage Kingston Flyer service, using two AB class steam locomotives began just two months later in December 1971). Toll Rail New Zealand railways; Plains Vintage Railway (Ashburton, Canterbury) The Plains was officially opened to the public in 1973. On Christmas Eve 1953, the worst disaster in NZR's history, and one of the worst in New Zealand's history occurred. The war created major labour shortages across the economy generally, and while considered "essential industry", railways were no exception. This definitive history of railways advertising is a time capsule of New Zealand life and examines the art of Railways Studios, detailing its formative place in New Zealand design and art history. The Weka Pass Railway is a historic rural railway using both vintage steam and diesel-electric locomotives on 12.8 km of scenic line through the unique limestone beauty of the Weka Pass out of Waipara. Today New Zealand is home to more than 5 million people. The line stopped about 1.5 miles (2 km) short of Blenheim until it was extended in 1880/1. A chronological history of New Zealand rail. KiwiRail is formed as a single integrated above and below rail business. Photo about Kingston Flyer heritage railway , near Queenstown, New Zealand. Due to coal shortages the K, J, KA, JA classes of steam locomotives were converted from coal to oil burning. This was in response to concerns that significant New Zealand rail and general heritage buildings, structures and relics could be lost unless those involved appreciated their value and gave consideration to options for their conservation. The first of these locomotives entered service in September 1955, with all of this initial order running by September 1957. Christmas Eve crash at Tangiwai kills 151 rail passengers. In the early 20th century, NZR had begun investigating railcar technology to provide passenger services on regional routes and rural branch lines where carriage trains were not economic and "mixed" trains (passenger carriages attached to freight trains) were undesirably slow. For 2014 apart from being another Thames heritage Week, is also a jubilee year for Hamilton. 1945 - South Island main trunk from Christchurch to Picton completed. This class followed the building of the Red Terror (an inspection car on a Leyland Cub chassis) for the General Manager in 1933. The table below records the performance of the Railways Department in terms of freight tonnage:[42]. KiwiRail’s purpose: Stronger Connections. The railway network was initially constructed by the provincial governments of New Zealand from 1863 onwards. Since the 1860s the phenomenon of the railway has dominated the attention of the public in New Zealand. Rail employs 21,000 workers. Locomotives were sent to Australia for rebuilding, with five being rebuilt at the NZR's own Hutt Workshops. The New Zealand Railway system which was already under state control before the First World War reached its ultimate size in the 1950s. We are pleased to announce that the Northern Explorer, Coastal Pacific and TranzAlpine trains have returned to the tracks for spring and summer. New Zealand Rail Maps provides free high-quality maps of the national railway network of New Zealand. Film credit New Zealand archives For those who love building model railways . In 1931 it was claimed half a million tons of freight had been lost to road transport. In 1906 the Dunedin railway station was completed, architect George Troup. 1993 - Government announces sale of NZR to a consortium of Wisconsin Central Transportation Corp and Berkshire Partners (60 per cent stake) and Fay Richwhite (40 per cent) for $328.3m. The service was discontinued in the early 1980s.[30]. [17] The second section to be electrified by the department was the Lyttelton Line in Christchurch, completed in 1929, at the same voltage and current. From the 1860s onwards, rail engineers designed a rail network that could operate across swamps and rivers, rugged mountains and dense forests, progressively connecting otherwise isolated communities and industries to the world. 1986 – Labour government makes railways a state-owned enterprise. Shop now. From its early beginnings in the mid-19th century, to the present day, rail has connected people and places and helped grow our economy by delivering goods around the country and to and from our ports, connecting exporters with the world. First train carried MPs on a junket to Auckland, in August (pictured on left). [41] TMS resulted in an 8 per cent improvement in wagon utilisation. The Westfield deviation was completed in 1930 and the Tawa deviation proceeded at a snail's pace. Ja.1260 4-8-2 : Ashburton, New Zealand: Location: Plains Railway Society: Status: Display: Album: Video: Notes: [32] The line's success led to several Taupo Railway Proposals being put forward, with extensions of the branch being mooted at various times. [33], NZR's 1963–1964 year-end financial report showed that inter-island ferry services contributed $1.07 million to NZRs profit of $1.077 million. [2] Originally, railway construction and operation took place under the auspices of the former provincial governments and some private railways, before all of the provincial operations came under the central Public Works Department. Coates was an ambitious politician who had an almost "religious zeal" for his portfolio. New Zealand has a long and colourful railway history, dating from the first public line linking Ferrymead and the new town of Christchurch in 1863. Freight traffic was again changing. It acquired the Waimea Plains Railway Company in 1886. [9] Apart from four periods of government-appointed commissions (1889–1894, 1924–1928, 1931–1936 and 1953–1957), this system remained in place until the department was corporatised in 1982. Once again, growing traffic requirements led to the introduction of a new type of locomotive, the ill-fated G class Garratt locomotives in 1928. Increasing competition and great depression, Private firms that built steam locomotives for NZR, Companies that supplied NZR with diesel locomotives, Suppliers of bus and coach chassis to NZR, New Zealand's railway infrastructure and operating the railway system, one of the worst in New Zealand's history, Hughes's Locomotive & Tramway Engine Works, New Zealand DM class electric multiple unit, "New Zealand Railways Corporation Act 1981, s1(2)", "Railway administration has reflected public expectation of rail's social and economic role", "North Island Rail Services To Be Cut NORTHERN ADVOCATE", "RAILWAY POLICY. The railway network in New Zealand consists of four main lines, six secondary lines and numerous short branch lines in almost every region. NZR's first single-purpose log trains, called "express loggers", began to operate on this branch. The first through train from Wellington to Auckland. 5.000000. [33], Closures of rural branch lines reduced the total network length to 3,254 miles (5,237 km) in 1966.[34]. [13] The war did take its toll on railway services, with dining cars being removed from passenger trains in 1917, replaced by less labour-intensive refreshment rooms at railway stations along the way. /records/22903033. In the Liberals last year of office in 1912, 140 miles (230 km) of line had been relaid, but that was reduced to 118 in 1913, 104 in 1914, 81 in 1924 and 68 in 1925, during the Reform Government's years.[23]. History means a lot to our people – many are the third or fourth generation in their family to work in rail – but it is the promise of rail’s future that excites our 3,600 people. The topography of New Zealand made the construction of railways a major engineering problem, not least the need for 150 tunnels in the hilly to mountainous terrain of so much of the country. Concerns about green-house gas emissions and fluctuating petrol prices, changing global freight trends and growing congestion on our roads has led to a revival of rail, and recognition of its natural advantages moving freight, tourists, urban passengers within major cities and regional commuters to work in the city. The DX continued to dominate North Island traffic until electrification of the main trunk in the 1980s. This change took effect from 1977,[39] and greatly increased competition for NZR on key routes between larger centres within 150 km of each other—routes such as Auckland–Hamilton, Hamilton–Tauranga, Wellington–Palmerston North and Christchurch–Ashburton.[39]. All maps are licensed for re-use under Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike NZ 3.0. The book also serves as a company history, drawing on interviews with past staff members and providing pen portraits of the most prominent artists and administrators. Churchman and Hurst's research is meticulous, detailed, and presented extremely well - if you have any interest in railways, you will enjoy reading this vivid insight. Our people Centralised Traffic Control (CTC) was installed from Taumaranui to Auckland at the same time. In the 1917 Annual Report, a record 5.3% return on investment was made. 1863 - First steam railway opened on the Christchurch-Lyttelton line, via the Lyttelton tunnel. [5] The acquisition in 1908 of the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company and its railway line marked the completion of the North Island Main Trunk from Wellington to Auckland. The history of New Zealand Railways dates back to1863 and by 1873 the Cape Gauge had been established as the standard gauge for the track. Despite the war and associated labour and material shortages, new railway construction continued. From the late 1950s branch lines closed, and by the 2000s, there were less than 4,000 kilometres of railway lines. In 1933 plans for a new railway station and head office in Wellington were approved, along with the electrification of the Johnsonville Line (then still part of the North Island Main Trunk). Almost everyone travelling between major centres took the railway. Sit back and let us connect you to a rich diversity of people and places throughout Aotearoa, New Zealand. The largest provincial operation was the Canterbury Provincial Railways, which opened the first public railway at Ferrymead on 1 December 1863. 1982 – Railways Corporation created as statutory corporation from Railways Department. The Canterbury Provincial Railways were built to the broad gauge of 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm). Since then, successive Governments have recognised its critical role in New Zealand transport and the value it delivers to communities, regional economies, exporters and businesses. 1953 - The length of railway line operating hits its all-time peak - 5656km. On foot, I follow the railway tracks 660 metres down New Zealand's longest wharf to the end, where they split into four sidings. Similar coal-saving timetable cuts occurred at the end of the next war in 1945 and 1946. As a result, non-essential services remained in effect until the end of 1919. The Taieri Gorge Railway journey starts at the Dunedin Railway Station, one of the nicest old buildings in Dunedin (and New Zealand). The reports only significant change was the proposal of a Cook Strait train ferry service between Wellington and Picton, to link the two systems up. Other New Zealand train trips. A number of new lines under construction were casualties, including the Rotorua-Taupo line, approved in July 1928 but abandoned almost a year later due to the depression. They were at the time the most powerful class of locomotives in New Zealand. With maps and illustrations, a detailed history of New Zealand railway development and a look into the future. A guide on New Zealand national travel networks and routes lines system. [36] The US-built General Electric U26C DX class locomotives were introduced in 1972, with a further batch arriving in 1975. 151 people died when the Wellington-Auckland express was derailed due to a bridge collapse north of Tangiwai due to a lahar from a volcanic eruption, in what became known as the Tangiwai disaster. Special thanks to Great Journeys of New Zealand, operated by KiwiRail, for making this model possible. In 1942 the Gisborne Line was finally opened, followed by the Main North Line between Picton and Christchurch being completed in 1945. 25. This again saw English Electric supply locomotives, the EC class. Steam locomotive hauling a passenger train. Amid many protests, the isolated Nelson Section was closed, although future Nelson Railway Proposals resurfaced from 1957. New Zealand Touring Map (opens in new window) [PDF 4.5MB] i-SITE map. As with the first world war, the Second World War had a significant impact on railways. The pass is also a convenient way to combine several of New Zealand’s great train trips into the rail journey of a lifetime. New Zealand Railways No. That year the AA class appeared, and the following year the first AB class locomotives were introduced. National Rail Access Agreement (NRAA) with Toll comes into effect with Toll exclusive rail operator and ONTRACK network provider. [14][15], In 1920 the 3,000-mile (4,800 km) milestone of open railway lines was reached and 15 million passengers were carried by the department. [4] At the time 1,828 kilometres (1,136 miles) of railway lines were open for traffic, 546 km (339 mi) in the North Island and 1,283 km (797 mi) in the South Island, mainly consisting of the 630 km (390 mi) Main South Line from the port of Lyttelton to Bluff. Dunedin Railway Station. Coates scheme proposed spending £8 million over 8 years. History Edit 1981-1990: National rail landowner, network provider and train operator Edit. [26], Alongside these changes, in 1931 the Railways Department was briefly restructured into the Government Railways Board. For the first time, the Department employed significant numbers of women to meet the shortages. In 1972 the first Silver Fern railcars were introduced for the daytime Wellington–Auckland run. Following the abolition of the provinces in 1877, the Public Works Department took over the various provincial railways. In October 1969, the first unit coal trains were introduced, between coal mines at Huntly and New Zealand Steel at Mission Bush. This was later expanded to £10 million over 10 years. Trains also delivered schoolchildren to the classroom, suburban workers to factories and offices, and thousands of day-trippers to beaches, parks, shows and racecourses. It set a minimum distance road transport operators could transport goods at 30 miles (48 km) before they had to be licensed. This rejuvenation of KiwiRail will see lines reopen in 2019 such as the Napier to Wairoa line for logging trains; new commuter services established such as the Hamilton to Auckland train and the purchase of two new large rail-enabled ferries for Cook Strait, the State Highway 1 and Main Trunk Line between the islands. The Great Journeys of New Zealand. 1962 – Roll on roll off rail and vehicle ferry, GMV Aramoana begins service between Picton and Wellington  - the start of the Railways Department’s involvement in interisland ferry services. However, due to New Zealand's rugged terrain overseas technology could not simply be directly introduced. The worst railway disaster in New Zealand’s history occurred on Christmas Eve 1953, when the Wellington–Auckland night express plunged into the flooded Whangaehu River, just west of Tangiwai in the central North Island. Railways were built and towns sprang up or expanded. The onset of the Great Depression from late 1929 saw these projects scaled back or abandoned. This definitive history of railways advertising is a time capsule of New Zealand life and examines the art of Railways Studios, detailing its formative place in New Zealand design and art history. The Society was formed in 1944 by enthusiasts interested in the then New Zealand Railways. The Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand was establshed in 1991. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by ocean currents and the winds and stars.In some traditions, the navigator credited with discovering New Zealand is Kupe. Photographer Andrew Surgenor Date of Photo July 1991 Map [1] Contributor Andrew Surgenor. The war created serious coal shortages as imported coal was no longer available. The first railway lines were built in the South Island in the 1860s. Inflationary pressures within the economy greatly rose, at the same time exports were falling. The Act had the effect of authorising the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company to build the Wellington-Manawatu Line.[7]. Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations in New Zealand 1863 to 2010 Researched & Written by Juliet Scoble for the Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand Learn more about how our cultural diversity came about in this young country. This led to many benefits for NZR customers. New Zealand Railways may refer to KiwiRail, a division of New Zealand Railways Corporation, which is the current rail services owner/operator and infrastructure owner/maintainer.. New Zealand Railways may also refer to the following defunct companies: . 1936 - First successful railcars, Wairarapa route. 1972 (errata slip) 254p. Look inside Railways Studios. Future of Rail . During the summer of 1923, he spent the entire parliamentary recess inspecting the department's operations. A further improvement to passenger transport came in July that year, with electric services on the Johnsonville Line starting with the introduction of the DM/D English Electric Multiple Units.[29]. In 1950, Straits Air Freight Express (later known as SAFE Air) took over the contract from the RNZAF. The DA, more than any other class, displaced steam locomotives from the North Island. The Wellington railway station and Tawa flat deviation were both completed in 1937. His successor, H.C. Lusty, terminated the contract and entered into an agreement with General Motors for the supply of 40 EMD G12 model locomotives, designated by NZR as the DA class. Originally, New Zealand's railways were constructed by provincial governments and private firms. 2016 – Kaikoura earthquake - Main North Line devastated, 2017 – Main North line reopened to restricted freight services just 10 months after the earthquake. 2004 - Government assumes ownership of national rail network and forms ONTRACK to run it. 1930 - Rotorua Limited introduced for tourists from Auckland, with observation car. The Blue Streaks were then allocated to the Wellington—New Plymouth service. The KA was a further development of the K class, while the J class was primarily for lighter trackage in the South Island. The review aimed to identify the role rail can play in New Zealand’s transport system and put in place a sustainable approach to funding rail over the longer term. Tough economic conditions and increasing competition from road transport led to calls for regulation of the land transport sector. The outbreak of World War I in 1914 had a significant impact on the Railways Department. Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections AWNS-19080820-14-6. Reefton Railway Station, July 1991.. It was built in the early 1900s and parts of it kind of look like a castle. At the same time, a protracted legal battle began with the New Zealand Midland Railway Company, which was only resolved in 1898. Look inside Railways Studios. Beattie designed the famous A class, the Q class (the first "Pacific" type locomotive in the world), and many other locomotive classes.[12]. New Zealand has a long and colourful railway history, dating from the first public line linking Ferrymead and the new town of Christchurch in 1863. The early railways in New Zealand—as in most young countries—were designed to rapidly open up the country at a minimum cost. They wanted railways to carry products from farms, forests and mines to markets and ports, and to provide acce… Built by the Canterbury provincial government, this line used tiny British-built tank engines and a broad 5-foot 3-inch (1,600-millimetre) ‘Irish’ gauge track. UPDATE: Services returned for the summer! Churchman and Hurst's research is meticulous, detailed, and presented extremely well - if you have any interest in railways, you will enjoy reading this vivid insight. The section was electrified at 1,500 V DC, due to the steep grade in the tunnel, and included its own hydro-electric power station. They were the second class of electric locomotive to be used on this section of electrification. 1971 saw the introduction of scheduled ISO shipping container services to New Zealand. In 1960 the second Christchurch railway station, at Moorhouse Avenue, was opened. Date: Apr/May 2013 From: New Zealand railway observer, By: Prebble, Bill, 1955-, INNZNA Description: Features some of Newton Candish's black and white railway images from the mid 1940s to the early 1950s (B306 at the Linwood locomotive sheds, G97 at Ashburton, A472 heading to Greymouth, EC7 derailed at Heathcote, EO2 at the Addington Workshops, and JA1265, AB696, AB718, AB723, and A419 … NZR produced its first New Zealand-built steam locomotive in 1889; the W class built in the Addington Railway Workshops. NZ Rail Maps Project Development Report [2020F]: Website Hosting Options [1] Good morning. 1959-1971 - Numerous country branch lines closures across country as steam era comes to end and re-equipping lines with modern locomotives and updated infrastructure not considered viable. In Website West Coast New Zealand History. Passenger numbers soar in response to the improved services. In the late 1800s, the Premier, Sir Julius Vogel, imagined we would one day see every farm, mill and mine within easy reach of a railhead and branch lines feeding the North and South Island Main Trunk lines. The newest addition to MOTAT’s model rail network celebrates 100 years of rail in West Auckland. 1972 – Arahanga, the first freight-only ferry, joins the Cook Strait fleet. D-J Paper over boards Small owner's stamp FEP Near Fine.