In recent years, caretakers have exposed and excavated only a handful of “culturally significant” headstones from the mud, according to Geke Beek, the Jewish community’s caretaker of Beth Haim. Dutch settlers laid the foundation for cities that still exist today. Several important roads are located just outside the city limits. They were Hoarkill County, which today is Sussex County, Delaware; New Amstel County, which is today New Castle County, Delaware; and Upland County, which was later partitioned between New Castle County, Delaware and the new Colony of Pennsylvania. Interstate 295 passes north of New Castle and crosses the Delaware River on the Delaware Memorial Bridge to New Jersey, with DE 9 providing access to New Castle from I-295.[17]. At the cemetery, they play drums, dance, recite Christian prayers and observe rites of Winti, a traditional Afro-Surinamese faith that combines pagan and Catholic traditions. Some of the visitors lay small stones on Elieser’s grave, as is customary in Judaism. ”We have been, and still are, discriminated against.” He also spoke about the Jews’  liberation from slavery in Exodus. After being transferred to Penn, Delaware's Swedish, Dutch, and English residents used to the relaxed culture of the Restoration monarchy grew uncomfortable with the more conservative Quaker influence, so Delaware petitioned for a separate legislature, which was finally granted in 1702. About 26,000 headstones and human remains lie submerged under the mud – an unfortunate result of how Sephardic headstones, which are traditionally placed horizontally, have fared over the centuries in the soft Dutch soil. Sergio Berrenstein stands next to the grave of Elieser and his master at the entrance to the Jewish cemetery in Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, Nov. 20, 2020. In 1664, after English Colonel Richard Nicolls captured New Amsterdam, Robert Carr was sent to the Delaware River settlements. The city is the home of Broad Dyke, the first dyke built in the United States. The pilgrimage required some adjustments on all sides, the caretaker Beek said. James then captured the New Amsterdam colony with an overwhelming show of force. In 1656 the West India company sold its interests on the South River (called South as distinguished from the North River, as the Hudson was then called) to the City of Amsterdam, and the colony was called "New Amstel" and the authority of New Netherlands over it was ended. At the cemetery, they play drums, dance, recite Christian prayers and observe rites of Winti, a traditional. In 1657, Hudde even briefly served as the colony’s director-general until the new director arrived from the Netherlands. In a post-colonial society that is still burdened by its complicity both in the Holocaust and the slave trade, Elieser’s grave has emerged as a multifaceted symbol of emancipation and a unique meeting place for the kingdom’s oldest ethnic minorities. We’ve learned to forgive, but Susanna du Plessis cut off both breasts of the prettiest woman there, Alida. [17], DART First State provides bus service to New Castle along Route 15 and Route 51, which both run between downtown Wilmington and the Christiana Mall and offer connections to multiple bus routes serving points across northern New Castle County. According to Drescher, Jews controlled about 17% of the Caribbean trade in Dutch colonies. 2 Claes VERBRACK, with his wife. Also nearby are Buena Vista, Glebe House, The Hermitage, New Castle Ice Piers, Penn Farm of the Trustees of the New Castle Common, and Swanwyck, all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. the RTVA broadcaster during ceremonies in 2016. The Dutch originally named the settlement Fort Casimir, but this was changed to Fort Trinity (Swedish: Trefaldighet) following its seizure by the colony of New Sweden on Trinity Sunday, 1654. 4 … Named “Elieser Day” in his memory, the new pilgrimage is centered around the former slave’s gravestone inside the 406-year-old Beth Haim cemetery, a 10-acre. [7] Although no fatalities or injuries occurred, it was the only tornado of this magnitude ever recorded in Delaware.[8]. “Elieser is a symbol for how he ended up here against his will, dragged here by hook or by crook,” Jong Loy, Opo Kondreman’s founder, told the RTVA broadcaster during ceremonies in 2016. The male visitors, for their part, nearly all wear kippot, as is customary in Jewish cemeteries, Berrenstein said. He is buried alongside his owner, but also next to Jacob Israel Belmonte, once the community’s richest businessman. In 1664, the English seized the entire New Netherland colony in the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The discovery embarrassed Dutch historians — they had declared that slavery never existed in the Netherlands. This helped the New Castle economy to further boom; however, by 1840, rail lines were in place between Philadelphia and Baltimore, which had a stop in Wilmington, thus leaving New Castle to deal with a substantial decline in traffic and revenue. In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. faith that combines pagan and Catholic traditions. 1664-The Dutch surrender New Amsterdam to the British, who rename it New … This colony, christened ‘New Amstel,’ was located on territory conquered from the Swedes on the Delaware River, some two hundred kilometers south of Manhattan. The nearest passenger rail station to New Castle is Wilmington station in Wilmington, which is served by Amtrak and SEPTA Regional Rail's Wilmington/Newark Line. During the Second Anglo-Dutch War, English victors took over the entire New Netherland colony and renamed it New Castle. The Dutch originally named the settlement Fort Casimir, but this was changed to Fort Trinity (Swedish: Trefaldighet) following its seizure by the colony of New Sweden on Trinity Sunday, 1654. [21] The city's Public Works department provides trash and recycling collection to New Castle.[22]. The Dutch renamed Fort Casimir/Trinity as New Amstel (later translated to New Castle). A freight line operated by the Norfolk Southern Railway passes through New Castle. New Castle has a tradition, dating back to 1927, of tours of historical homes, churches, and gardens. Peter Stuyvesant (English: / ˈ s t aɪ v ə s ə n t /; in Dutch also Pieter and Petrus Stuyvesant; c. 1592 – August 1672) served as the last Dutch director-general of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664, after which it was split into New York and New Jersey with lesser territory becoming parts of other states. “But as far as Beth Haim is concerned, Elieser is just another Jewish person who’s buried here.”, Amar’e Stoudemire, now a Brooklyn Nets coach, doesn’t work on Shabbat, Jon Ossoff will be sworn in on book of scripture owned by rabbi of Atlanta synagogue bombed by white supremacists, Joe Biden’s first Sunday Mass as president involves stop at Jewish deli owned by his COVID czar, In Amsterdam, the personal card of every Holocaust victim returns to Jewish hands. OUDERKERK AAN DE AMSTEL, Netherlands (JTA) — Each year on the last Wednesday of June, dozens of people arrive by boat at the Jewish cemetery of this picturesque town near Amsterdam to commemorate their ancestors. Three signers of the Declaration of Independence were from New Castle—Thomas McKean, George Read, and George Ross. On April 28, 1961, an F3 tornado hit the north side. It is also a lightning rod for occasional controversy. During the Revolution, when New Castle was besieged by William Howe, the government elected to move its functions south to Dover in May 1777. These facts and others were on display in a 2015 exhibition on the subject by the Jewish Cultural Quarter of Amsterdam, and served as the basis for a 2014 book by Lody van de Kamp, a well-known Orthodox Dutch rabbi. Created on 21 June 21, 1680 from New … Elieser’s owners did not come from South America but straight from Portugal, from where they and thousands of other Jews fled in the 16. century to escape the Inquisition for the more tolerant Netherlands. In 2013, a statue for Elieser was erected outside the Jewish cemetery by Opo Kondreman, an organization that aims to preserve the heritage of Netherlanders from the former Dutch colony of Suriname in South America. [11][12], The historic district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1967 and it was relisted, with enlarged boundaries and expanded period of significance, in 1984. The colony was conceived as a private business venture of the Dutch West India Company (WIC) to exploit the North American fur trade. “The rabbi brought a bucket of water, poured it over the stone and the [Portuguese-language] text revealed itself: ‘The grave of the good servant Elieser.'”. In 1680, New Castle was conveyed to William Penn by the Duke of York by livery of seisin and was Penn's landing place when he first set foot on American soil on October 27, 1682. New York City was originally called New Amsterdam, and New Castle, Delaware was once known as New Amstel. outside the Jewish cemetery by Opo Kondreman, an organization that aims to preserve the heritage of Netherlanders from the former Dutch colony of Suriname in South America. “My knowledge of my family doesn’t go further back than my great-grandparents,” Berrenstein, a 51-year-old father of three who was born in Suriname and works as a house painter, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93. The Dutch regained the town in 1673 during the Third Anglo-Dutch War but it was returned to Great Britain the next year under the Treaty of Westminster. “In principle it’s not allowed to say prayers that are not Jewish inside the cemetery, and it’s also not allowed to play music,” she told JTA. In February 1777, John McKinly was elected the first President of Delaware (a title later renamed "Governor"). New Netherland led by Peter Stuyvesant is a custom civilization mod by Vanadius, with contributions from JFD, DuskJockey, OrderOfOlav, Senshi, DarthKyofu, and BanthaFood. This area contains one of the highest concentrations of well-preserved buildings dating from the 17th to early 19th centuries. New Amstel County was renamed to New Castle County by November 11, 1674. Males had a median income of $40,153 versus $31,571 for females. (A drought in 2018 exposed the outline of many headstones buried under Beth Haim’s thick coat of grass.). An area of what used to be Dutch Guyana, the Jewish Savannah had 40 Jewish-owned plantations with at least 5,000 slaves and a Jewish community of several hundred that was destroyed in a slave uprising in 1832. [16], The town attended a World Summit of towns called Newcastle held in Newcastle-under-Lyme in England for six days from 17 June 2006. St. Jones County, Delaware. There were 2,012 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. Called New Amstel, this fledgling colony on the South River—the current Delaware—for a brief time cemented the commitment of Amsterdam to the preservation of the Dutch colony in New Netherland, perpetually—and fatally—under threat from English encroachment. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.41% of the population. 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