STATE NICKNAMES: Bay State, Old Bay State, Pilgrim State, Puritan State, Old Colony State, Baked Bean State. • Adams, Charles Francis; Nash, Gilbert (1905). Read Also: 10 Facts about Mardi Gras History. I’m going to visit this website ever day. Colonists also declared war on local wildlife that they deemed a threat, such as the local wolf population, according to the book Disguised as the Devil: A History of Lyme Disease and Witch Accusations: “Wolves were considered flat out pests. Nova Scotia was split off in 1696. While the Native American population declined, the number of colonists flourished. Little did Winthrop know, a friend he had attended the University of Cambridge with back in England, William Blackstone, was living on the nearby Shawmut peninsula. Diseases brought by the colonists started to ravage the Native American population. The governor, and some of the principal persons, left Salem the 17th of June, and travelled through the woods to Charlestown, about twenty miles, to look for a convenient place for their chief town, which they had determined should be in some part of the bay or harbour between Natasket and Cambridge….”. I am doing a project for scool on this colony. Trade was one of the primary sources of economy for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay. Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Massachusetts Bay Company during the Great Puritan Migration. The new province was under the rule of Sir William Phips after he landed in the colony in 1692. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. Disguised as the Devil: A History of Lyme Disease and Witch Accusations. When the government’s activities began to hurt the local economy and threaten the colonist’s autonomy, the colonists responded by boycotting British imports, protesting the government’s actions through acts of rebellion like the Boston Tea Party and eventually declared war on Britain, which brought about the colony’s independence at the end of the eight-year-long Revolutionary War in 1783. Yet, in the early years, the colony not only struggled to supply enough of these products to meet the demand in Europe but was actually hesitant to engage in trade with Europe at all, fearing it would hurt the health, autonomy and independence of the colony, according to the book Building the Bay Colony: “Many Puritans initially feared that these endeavors could pull their communities into the transatlantic world too quickly, distract them from the virtues of husbandry, lead to unhealthy levels of profit, and become ‘a prison and constant calamity’ as a result of the individual’s spending his life ‘in doing little good at all to others, though he should grow rich by it himself’…By satisfying the local market before endeavoring to reach more profitable export venues with these valuable commodities, Puritan pioneers set an important precedent: they would fully meet local needs first. The main party of 700 people left Southampton in April 1630. In this… Read More…, 10 important facts about Mesopotamia will reveal the amazing information about… Read More…, This article will present the 10 interesting facts about medieval warfare.… Read More…, 10 facts about medieval villages tell about the 10 pieces of… Read More…, 10 Interesting Facts about Michael Phelps. In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. Source for information on Massachusetts Bay Colony: Dictionary of American History dictionary. Puritans were the dominant population of Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was centered in Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Colony wasn't settled for another 10 years. Blackstone, a member of the failed Dorchester colony, had moved to the peninsula after the remaining members of his colony returned to England. 06.11.2016 - Learn facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony in this brief overview of its history and timeline. Do you know the founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony? Related Article: 10 Facts about Manifest Destiny. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony inform the readers with an English settlement in North America. ARNO PRESS A New York Times CompanyNew York / 1977 First Published in Boston, 1935Reissued in 1967, by Benjamin Blom, Inc.Reprint Edition 1977 by Arno Press Inc.LC# 77-82079ISBN 0-405-09125-7Manufactured in the United States of America [v] Massachusetts: Entered the Union: February 6, 1788 (6): Capital: Boston State Nicknames: Bay State • Old Colony State • Puritan State • Baked Bean State Origin of Name: From Massachusett Indian tribe meaning "a large hill place" State Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) Certain businesses, notably shipbuilding, fisheries, and the fur and lumber trades, quickly got started. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. The Native Americans that survived the war either fled to the west or surrendered and were sold into slavery. In 1628 a group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop and Thomas Dudley, persuaded King James to grant them an area of land between the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River in North America. Puritans who fled to America to escape religious persecution were notorious for persecuting other religions and even hanged Quakers for entering the colony of Massachusetts… Massachusetts Bay Colony - Economy and Trade. It made what we might call ‘persistent economic localism’ a customary, and quite fertile, Puritan value.”. See more ideas about massachusetts bay colony, massachusetts, history. This decision, perhaps more than any other, shaped the contours of Massachusetts’s seventeenth-century economic development. How Massachusetts Grew, 1630-1642: A Study of Town Boundaries. Trade was one of the primary sources of economy for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay. Things quickly changed though in 1640 when the colony suffered its first economic depression and the settlers decided to pursue the exportation of its goods, especially beef, to Europe and the West Indies, according to the book Disguised as the Devil: “Many early frontier towns in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, like Sudbury, were set up on inland meadows specifically as cow towns. In early 1692, during the depths of winter in Massachusetts Bay Colony, a group of young girls in the village of Salem began acting strangely. The settlement they started in America was called the Massachusetts Bay Colony . In the mid 1700s, the government’s expenses during the French and Indian War, which took place between 1754-1763, brought in a whole new set of problems for both England and the colonists, according to the book Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History: “At the end of what was known in America as the French and Indian War, the British economy was on the brink of collapse. A series of unpopular taxes and acts that were intended to make money off of the colony, such as the Stamp Act of 1765, the Declaratory Act and the Townshend Act, sparked massive protests and backlash from the colonists and eventually set the American Revolution into motion. Routledge, 2014.Virga, Vincent and Dan Spinella. This had happened to the Virginia Company of London. That year the group sent John Endecott to begin a plantation in Salem. Thank you for your time making this. The existing colony in Salem, which was occupied by members of the failed Cape Ann settlement in 1626 and taken over by Governor John Endecott by order of the New England Company in 1628, did not have enough food or shelter to accommodate the 700-800 new colonists, according to Governor Thomas Hutchinson’s book The History of Massachusetts: “The Arabella arrived at Salem the 12th of June. Winthrop accepted the offer and the Puritans began construction on their settlement. The following are some facts about the Massachusetts Bay Colony: The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a charter colony. Later, it was reorganized in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. As a result, the Puritans frequently persecuted other colonists who didn’t share their religious views, especially Quakers, according to the book Politics and Religion in the United States: “At first, Quaker missionaries who came to Massachusetts to spread their views were simply banished. The first person to be executed in the Massachusetts Bay colony was guilty of sex with a turkey. Many wealthy Massachusetts colonists also bought and sold slaves themselves for household labor in Massachusetts. It was considered as a successful attempt because New England housed more than 20,000 people in 1630s. This really helped with my Humanities research , John Winthrop found Massachusetts bay colony, I can’t find this question ” What was the purpose of Massachusetts bay colony during that time period?”. After the establishment of the English Commonwealth in 1649, the colonists also declared Massachusetts a commonwealth, although they had no authority to do so. It was established nearby the Massachusetts Bay in 17th century. They had a price on their heads from almost the moment of contact with the English colonists. There was not corn enough to have lasted above a fortnight, and all other provisions were scant. Native Americans in the Revolutionary War, Weymouth, Massachusetts, settled by Thomas Weston of Plymouth Colony in 1622, failed in 1623, surviving colonists joined Plymouth colony, Weymouth taken over by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635, originally named Wessaguscus, Gloucester, Massachusetts, settled by the Dorchester Company in 1623, taken over by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1642, Salem, Massachusetts, settled by the Dorchester Company in 1626, taken over by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628, Charlestown, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628, Saugus, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629, Roxbury, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, Dorchester, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, Hull, Massachusetts, settled by Plymouth Colony in 1622, taken over by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, originally named Nantasket, Watertown, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, Cambridge, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1631, originally named New Town or Newtowne, Ipswich, Massachusetts settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, originally named Agawam, Hingham, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1633, originally named Bare Cove, Newbury, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635, Dedham, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1636, Rowley, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639, Sudbury, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638, Haverhill, Massachusetts, settled by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1641, originally named Pentucket. The Daughters of Liberty: Who Were They and What Did They Do? Being destitute of necessary accommodations, they dropped away one after another…Before December, they had lost two hundred of their number, including a few who died upon their passage. Between 1-10 I will get 10 out of this. By 1640, more than 40,000 English colonists had moved to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was the largest venture attempted in the English New World. Interesting Massachusetts Colony Facts: Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, by Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower, a ship carrying settlers. The company then renamed itself the Massachusetts Bay Company, after the tribe of Massachusetts Indians that lived in New England, and the company was granted a charter by Charles I, on March 4, 1629, to officially engage in trade in New England. by Kathy Platt Leave a Comment on Facts about massachusetts colony What was the Massachusetts colony known for? They moved quickly to establish their political and religious – and eventually, geographical – authority, with confidence based on their religious faith and the later economic success that they took as a sign of divine consent.”. By 1676, Boston had 4,000 residents. Growing resentment between Native Americans and settlers eventually led to King Phillip’s War in 1675, which decimated the Wampanoag and Narragansett tribes. The colonists of Massachusetts Bay were called upon to adhere to a rigid doctrine of salvation (founded on the notion of predestination), and if they did not, they were shown the door. When they began to add pork, beef, and mutton to their diet, it was not tolerated. This might give them a favourable idea of the produce of the country; but the gentlemen met with enough to fill them with concern. After King Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, the British government attempted to take more control of the Massachusetts Bay Colony by sending a series of royal commissions, first in 1664 and then again in 1676, to settle land disputes and reform the colony’s administrations. Let’s know more about Massachusetts Bay Colony! Politics and Religion in the United States. The History of Massachusetts. In 1678 Salem Village was rimmed by a set of wolf traps. In September of 1630, the colonists officially named the settlement Boston after their hometown in England. The Massachusetts Bay Colony towns and settlements founded during the Great Puritan Migration were: More Puritans continued to travel over from England and the number of colonies in New England expanded to a total of four: Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven. Each village consisted of houses, a community garden and a meetinghouse to host church services. In April of 1689, when word reached Boston that King James II had been overthrown by William of Orange in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, a mob formed in Boston and they quickly seized and ousted the royal officials and put the former Puritan leadership back in power. It was founded in 1628 and existed till 1691. When even this didn’t stop Quaker missionary activity, the death penalty was added. Winthrop tried to persuade Cotton to come with them to the New World but Cotton declined and returned to his church, St. Botolph’s in Lincolnshire. The population of Boston continued to grow in the 17th and early 18th century, despite small-pox outbreaks in 1690, 1702 and 1721. It is situated on the east coast of North America. This meant that the administration of the colony was elected by the colonists and the colony was allowed to self-govern, as long as its laws aligned with those of England. The list of violations included establishing religious laws, discriminating against Anglicans and Quakers and running an illegal mint. https://historyofmassachusetts.org/history-of-the-massachusetts-bay-colony Only the freemen were allowed to vote in the election. They established trade with West Indies and England. 9. The puritan religious leaders heavily affected the governance of Massachusetts Bay Colony through a small group of leaders. He owned many acres of Martha’s Vineyard and had a rich history in the politics of same. The first historical notes about this place date back to the 17th century. Video Links: *Parents, please preview for your students first. Although they had finally settled, the colony still suffered due to a lack of fresh water. After Blackstone heard of Winthrop’s arrival from his Native-American friends, the two met and Blackstone invited the puritans to live with him on the peninsula. John Winthrop Massachusetts Bay Colony was a British settlement in Massachusetts in the 17th century. Why was it founded? Slavery also played an important role in the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy. The first English settlement on the east coast of the continent was called as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The local officials claimed to own the … The last wolf bounty in Massachusetts was paid in the nineteenth century at the end of a successful eradication program that took over 200 years to complete.”. Well nourished on deer meat, this thriving wolf population was unfortunately not discerning enough to know a domesticated animal from their wild prey. See Also: 10 Facts about Massachusetts. This caused much anxiety among the colonists. It was established in 1628; its charter revoked in 1684, and it became part of the Dominion of New England Genealogy in 1686. Massachusetts (nicknamed: Bay State, Colony State, Old Colony, Taxachusetts, The Spirit of America) has 14 counties. The colonists feared the Native-Americans but also felt it was their mission to help “civilize” this New World as well as the Native-Americans who lived there. In 1643, the four colonies formed a military alliance, known as the New England Confederation, to help defend themselves from Native American attacks. Some Massachusetts merchants, such as Captain John Turner, who built the House of Seven Gables in Salem, chose to skip importing slaves from Africa and instead sold fish to plantation owners in the West Indies as food for the slaves and then bought cane sugar from these same plantation owners to import to Massachusetts. 10 Facts About Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts Bay Colony Economic Characteristics 5 Facts 1. The colony’s trade activities continued into the 18th century, although the importation of slaves came to an end after slavery was slowly phased out in Massachusetts starting in 1780. At the dock, the Puritans listened to Reverend John Cotton preach his now famous sermon, titled “God’s Promise to His Plantation.” Cotton informed the Puritans that they were on a holy mission and urged them to convert the Native American population in the New World to Christianity. By the mid-18th century, Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown into a successful colony with a large trade industry that exported fish, lumber and farm products to Europe. In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. The domestic beef market became a key part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy that would later shift focus from the depressed domestic market to provide an important commodity for early trade with the West Indies.”. Economy and Trade. 8. Weymouth, MA: Weymouth Historical Society. The majority of the Indians were defeated. When the Pilgrims first arrived in 1620 it was the local Wamapanoag Indians who taught them how to plant crops. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was an English settlement in the 17th century on the east coast of North America.The colony was later called New England and what is now the cities of Salem and Boston.The Bay Colony also included what is now known as the States of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.:58. It has lots of information about the history of Massachusetts. Spider webs are an excellent tool to help students organize facts in a systematic and visual manner. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003.Drymon, M.M. Thomas Dudley. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the author and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Massachusetts (officially called a commonwealth) is known for being the … So, where was Massachusetts Bay Colony located? This fear and anxiety is considered to be one of the many underlying causes that sparked the Salem Witch Trials in 1692. The group were members of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which was a joint stock trading company that formed in 1628 to trade furs and fish from New England. In researching, my relatives fought the Indians 1675, fought in the Revolution, Civil War, etc. By the mid 1630s, the Puritans had invited hundreds of more colonists over from England and were taking over the area. Great information as I am researching my family history…the Streeters of Mass. Massachusetts Passes First Education Law | In 1642 the Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law requiring children to be taught to read and write. Parts of New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts and Connecticut were included as the territories of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Students should choose to focus on 4-6 of the following: history, cities, industries, geography, climate, religion, did you know? I, M. Richardson, 1765.Moe, Barbara A. Several Amazing Facts about the Colony In very deed, it doesn't exist anymore. With this prospect of difficulties, great enough for them to encounter, sickness began among them. Many of Boston’s most famous buildings were built during this time period, such as the Old State House in 1713, Old North Church in 1723, Old South Meetinghouse in 1729 and Faneuil Hall in 1742. The province of Massachusetts Bay was formed in 1691 with the merger of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Province of Maine, Nova Scotia, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The first settlements of Puritans were on two natural harbors. Several towns and settlements were founded by the colony as the population grew with the arrival of thousands of Puritans. Awesome information on this colony but want to know if there are books on this colony and its people because I am descendent of Robert Abell, who came with the Winthrop Fleet. on History of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks. Just curious about when they got here. Sep 14, 2020 - Pins about the history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was the most successful and profitable colony in New England. Etymology. Religion and government were deeply intertwined in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and only the most devout Puritans could participate in governmental affairs, according to the book Politics and Religion in the United States: “While everyone in the community was a member of a congregation and was expected to attend services and support the church, only those who went through the arduous process of demonstrating their spiritual regeneration could become full-covenant members, thus gaining a say in both ecclesiastical and secular government.