The medial collateral ligament's main function is to prevent the leg from extending too far inward, but it also helps keep the knee stable and allows it to rotate. Tears associated with arthritis often improve over time with treatment of the arthritis, so surgery usually isn't indicated. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the ligaments in the knee joint. In an MCL injury, the ligament fibers can be strained, partially torn or completely torn. MCL sprain symptoms. Patients will often feel pain with knee bending or twisting maneuvers. What are the symptoms of MCL sprains and tears? * Knee anatomy * ACL and MCL injuries * Nonsurgical treatment * Surgical treatment * Pre-op and post-op checklists * Risks and complications, when to call the surgeon * Following surgery; rehab exercises; using crutches * Understanding rehabilitation program * Long-term recovery * 16 pages, full-color photography and enhanced anatomical artwork If you have injured just your LCL, treatment is similar to an MCL sprain. Most MCL tears that occur with multiple ligament injuries need surgery. Translate Medial collateral ligament mcl. How well the knee will heal and whether surgery will be needed depends in large part on the type of tear (See figure in appendix) and how bad the tear is. But if your LCL injury involves other structures in your knee, your treatment will address those, as well. A ligament is a tough, flexible band of tissue that holds bones and cartilage together. Although it occurs by chance, it seems to run in families. In addition, those MCL tears which completely tear off the femur and the knee gaps open with the knee out straight, or where the MCL tears off the tibia and retracts towards the joint line, have a high requirement for needing surgery. Medial knee ligament sprains are graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on the severity of the injury. Meniscus Tear: Rehabilitation Exercises A meniscus tear is a common knee joint injury. Many other tears that aren't associated with locking or a block to knee motion will become less painful over time, so they also don't require surgery. Article Translations: What Is the Medial Collateral Ligament? An injury to the MCL leads to swelling and pain in the medial, or inner, aspect of the knee. Nonsurgical Treatment. Injuries to the medial collateral ligament most often happen when the knee is hit directly on its outer side. Knock-knees may also be caused by: See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. Ice. Treatment of Grade III MCL Tears . Your doctor might recommend: Rest. Genu valgum is almost always a benign variation in a child’s growth. William Blahd Jr., M.D., reports that this symptom could indicate an ACL or MCL tear, a kneecap dislocation, a fractured kneecap, or loose bone. The medial collateral ligament usually responds well to nonsurgical treatment. When a grade III MCL tear occurs, patients should brace their knee and use crutches until the pain has subsided. Grade 1 injuries are regarded as a mild sprain. It is important to know how bad your injury is as this determines where you start from and how you progress on the MCL rehabilitation program.   The knee can be immobilized for a few days initially, but early range-of-motion will help in the recovery process. Injuries to the MCL rarely require surgery. Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries. 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