Weymouth, MA: Weymouth Historical Society. In 1632, the colonists officially made Boston the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. When the government’s activities began to hurt the local economy and threaten the colonist’s autonomy, the colonists responded by boycotting British imports, protesting the government’s actions through acts of rebellion like the Boston Tea Party and eventually declared war on Britain, which brought about the colony’s independence at the end of the eight-year-long Revolutionary War in 1783. Coastal communities, such as Salem town, became overcrowded and colonists began to move inland to establish farming communities, which led to formation of Salem Village and many other farming towns in Massachusetts and New England. I love this website. The colony rebuffed each commission, but, once again, the British government didn’t respond to or attempt to punish the colony for these acts of defiance. When even this didn’t stop Quaker missionary activity, the death penalty was added. Morris Book Publishing,  2011.McWilliams, James E. Building the Bay Colony: Local Economy and Culture in Early Massachusetts. Economy and Trade. Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, who wanted to create a perfectly religious community, or a 'city on the hill,' away from the Catholic influence in the Anglican Church. Only the freemen were allowed to vote in the election. The Puritans finally settled in Charlestown, across the river from the Shawmut peninsula, which is now modern day Boston. The last wolf bounty in Massachusetts was paid in the nineteenth century at the end of a successful eradication program that took over 200 years to complete.”. Well nourished on deer meat, this thriving wolf population was unfortunately not discerning enough to know a domesticated animal from their wild prey. The list of violations included establishing religious laws, discriminating against Anglicans and Quakers and running an illegal mint. So, where was Massachusetts Bay Colony located? In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. The colony’s prosperous trade industry even played a pivotal role in the American Revolution when Britain attempted to tighten its grip on New England’s trade activities, after decades of salutary neglect, as a way to raise revenue after the French and Indian war in nearby Canada took a toll on Britain’s finances. In 1691, a charter to establish Province of Massachusetts Bay was issued. The fleet of 11 ships, now known as the Winthrop fleet, set sail and finally reached the shores of Massachusetts on June 12 and landed at Salem. The following are some facts about the Massachusetts Bay Colony: The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a charter colony. Little did Winthrop know, a friend he had attended the University of Cambridge with back in England, William Blackstone, was living on the nearby Shawmut peninsula. By 1730, Boston had over 13,000 residents. This really helped with my Humanities research , John Winthrop found Massachusetts bay colony, I can’t find this question ” What was the purpose of Massachusetts bay colony during that time period?”. The company then renamed itself the Massachusetts Bay Company, after the tribe of Massachusetts Indians that lived in New England, and the company was granted a charter by Charles I, on March 4, 1629, to officially engage in trade in New England. Massachusetts Bay Colony. I’m going to visit this website ever day. It was the second try for Massachusetts Bay Company to establish colonization. In 1684, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was disheartened to hear its charter was revoked due to repeated violations of the charter’s terms. The Salem Witch Trials Victims: Who Were They? and what made the colony thrive is required in the info. this is a good website for historical lessons. The existing colony in Salem, which was occupied by members of the failed Cape Ann settlement in 1626 and taken over by Governor John Endecott by order of the New England Company in 1628, did not have enough food or shelter to accommodate the 700-800 new colonists, according to Governor Thomas Hutchinson’s book The History of Massachusetts: “The Arabella arrived at Salem the 12th of June. British statesmen, notably George Grenville, first lord of the treasury (the equivalent of prime minister), after deciding that the government’s budget could be cut no further and an increase in taxes at home was out of the question, turned to the colonies as a source of revenue – the same colonies whose exports were up, who continued to flaunt British mercantile policies, whose per capita income may have been as much as twice that of England’s, and who, at least from the British point of view, contributed little or nothing toward their own support.”. The company could erect a self-governing religious commonwealth. 8. Nova Scotia was split off in 1696. At the dock, the Puritans listened to Reverend John Cotton preach his now famous sermon, titled “God’s Promise to His Plantation.” Cotton informed the Puritans that they were on a holy mission and urged them to convert the Native American population in the New World to Christianity. They had not above three of four months to look out proper places for settlements, and to provide shelter against the severity of the winter. The province of Massachusetts Bay was formed in 1691 with the merger of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Province of Maine, Nova Scotia, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. What do you think on facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony? They had a price on their heads from almost the moment of contact with the English colonists. While the Native American population declined, the number of colonists flourished. Yet, in the early years, the colony not only struggled to supply enough of these products to meet the demand in Europe but was actually hesitant to engage in trade with Europe at all, fearing it would hurt the health, autonomy and independence of the colony, according to the book Building the Bay Colony: “Many Puritans initially feared that these endeavors could pull their communities into the transatlantic world too quickly, distract them from the virtues of husbandry, lead to unhealthy levels of profit, and become ‘a prison and constant calamity’ as a result of the individual’s spending his life ‘in doing little good at all to others, though he should grow rich by it himself’…By satisfying the local market before endeavoring to reach more profitable export venues with these valuable commodities, Puritan pioneers set an important precedent: they would fully meet local needs first. There was not corn enough to have lasted above a fortnight, and all other provisions were scant. Eighty persons out of about three hundred had died in the colony the winter before, and many of those that remained were in a weak, sickly condition. In September of 1630, the colonists officially named the settlement Boston after their hometown in England. With these facts about Massachusetts, let us learn more about its history, geography, economy, people, culture and more. They established trade with West Indies and England. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled in 1630 by a group of Puritans from England under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop. Interesting that John Winthrop was in favor of slavery when, indeed, the Colonists were enslaved, in a way, by the British. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. The civil government had authority over everyone in the community, but was controlled by the minority of the population that had achieved full church membership.”. In 1628 a group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop and Thomas Dudley, persuaded King James to grant them an area of land between the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River in North America. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett, whose name likely derived from a Wôpanâak word muswachasut, segmented as mus(ây) "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative" (the '8' in these words refers to the 'oo' sound according to the Wôpanâak orthographic chart). In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. It was established in 1628; its charter revoked in 1684, and it became part of the Dominion of New England Genealogy in 1686. Massachusetts Bay Colony Economic Characteristics 5 Facts 1. The main party of 700 people left Southampton in April 1630. When the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter was issued, it neglected to say that the company members had to stay in England to conduct their meetings. Several towns and settlements were founded by the colony as the population grew with the arrival of thousands of Puritans. Here are some of the Bay Colony’s most famous movers and shakers, some of whom did a little too much shaking and were compelled to move. In 1678 Salem Village was rimmed by a set of wolf traps. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony inform the readers with an English settlement in North America. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003.Drymon, M.M. Students should choose to focus on 4-6 of the following: history, cities, industries, geography, climate, religion, did you know? However, they must be puritan. I, M. Richardson, 1765.Moe, Barbara A. A number of battles occurred between 1675 and 1676 called King Philip's War. In fact, in 1641, Massachusetts became the first state in the North American colonies to make slavery legal when John Winthrop helped write a law allowing slavery in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1630 a group of people called Puritans left England for North America. However, conflict occurred between both groups. Massachusetts Passes First Education Law | In 1642 the Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law requiring children to be taught to read and write. The colony’s trade activities continued into the 18th century, although the importation of slaves came to an end after slavery was slowly phased out in Massachusetts starting in 1780. Massachusetts: Entered the Union: February 6, 1788 (6): Capital: Boston State Nicknames: Bay State • Old Colony State • Puritan State • Baked Bean State Origin of Name: From Massachusett Indian tribe meaning "a large hill place" State Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony 10: Province of Massachusetts Bay By 1676, Boston had 4,000 residents. Trade was one of the primary sources of economy for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay. This caused much anxiety among the colonists. The investors along with owners of Massachusetts Bay Company founded the settlement. The Massachusetts Bay Colony wasn't settled for another 10 years. Several Amazing Facts about the Colony In very deed, it doesn't exist anymore. Massachusetts Bay Company Joint stock company chartered by the English government in 1629 to colonize a huge part of New England. I am a direst descendent of John Daggett who came with John Winthrop on the Arabella to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This decision, perhaps more than any other, shaped the contours of Massachusetts’s seventeenth-century economic development. Politics and Religion in the United States. The colonists feared the Native-Americans but also felt it was their mission to help “civilize” this New World as well as the Native-Americans who lived there. Winthrop tried to persuade Cotton to come with them to the New World but Cotton declined and returned to his church, St. Botolph’s in Lincolnshire. Certain businesses, notably shipbuilding, fisheries, and the fur and lumber trades, quickly got started. It was the most successful and profitable colony in New England. Awesome information on this colony but want to know if there are books on this colony and its people because I am descendent of Robert Abell, who came with the Winthrop Fleet. The Daughters of Liberty: Who Were They and What Did They Do? https://historyofmassachusetts.org/history-of-the-massachusetts-bay-colony 06.11.2016 - Learn facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony in this brief overview of its history and timeline. Just curious about when they got here. Church services not capable to vote Gilbert ( 1905 ) grant empowering the group create... We might call ‘ persistent economic localism ’ a customary, and pace of living of State! 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