"are thenceforth fit only to be cast out and trodden by men. What, alas! I. Indeed, Matthew 5:12 seems to show that the benedictions were addressed to them. Matthew 13:6 But when the sun rose, the seedlings were scorched, and they withered because they had no root. To be trodden under foot of men.--The Talmud shows (Schottgen in loc.) Salt have lost its savour — If the living body to which this gracious saltness inheres doth lose that quality, whereby shall the quality be restored? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out - a figurative expression of indignant exclusion from the kingdom of God (cf. Now he addresses his apostles, styling them the salt of the earth, meant to preserve men from the corruption of sin, and to make them relish the truths of salvation. A human being. What they called salt was really a, Slide19 When it was more sand than salt, it had, Likewise if we, as believers become self-centered & start becoming no different from the world. They are being trained up by Jesus in order to be the world’s source of true wisdom. ii, p. 44) says: “Indeed, it is a well-known fact that the salt of, when in contact with the ground, or exposed to rain and sun, does become insipid and useless. Therefore the virtue of the merits of Christ delivers us from the corruption of sin; but the care and labour of the apostles preserves us from again returning to it. And next, the trials or hardships of this life will be easier to bear, will "taste better" for having the salt of divine truth mixed with them. They are the substance to which the saltness inheres. This sentence is mentioned by Luke in an abrupt manner: but is introduced there for the same purpose as in this passage, so that it does not require a separate exposition. ], The most obvious characteristic of salt is that it is different from the medium into which its user places it. Consider Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34-35; see also Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33. It prevented corruption advancing so quickly, and brought out what was good in food. The value of salt for these purposes is abundantly referred to by classical writers as well as in Scripture; and hence, its symbolical significance in the religious offerings as well of those without as of those within the pale of revealed religion. If the salt have lost his savour.—The salt commonly used by the Jews of old, as now, came from Jebel-Usdum, on the shores of the Dead Sea, and was known as the Salt of Sodom. But this is probably becoming too sophisticated. But if the salt have lost his savour, [ mooranthee (Greek #3471)] - 'become unsavoury' or 'insipid;' losing its saline or salting property. In, on, among. As salt is an antiseptic, so the disciples are to be a moral disinfectant in a sin-infested world. The word μωρανθη, rendered have lost its savour, has peculiar strength and beauty, and is literally, be infatuated, or, grown foolish, “alluding,” says Dr. Doddridge, “to the common figure, in which sense and spirit are expressed by salt.” It is thenceforth good for nothing — It is wholly useless, and left to be thrown out of doors, and trampled on by men as the common dirt in the streets: “thus worthless and contemptible will you, my disciples, be, even in the most eminent stations, if you lose your character for real and vital religion.” The following passage of Mr. Maundrell, quoted by Dr. Macknight, illustrates our Lord’s supposition of salt’s losing its savour. The fact the world is Decaying should not encourage the Christian to isolate & insulate himself, nor to stand on the sidelines & wait for the great collapse. 4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot. To have strength, be strong, be in full health and vigor, be able; meton: I prevail. Rock salt was used at that time. Compare Different Versions of this Verse. And to be trodden under foot of men - expressive of contempt and scorn. If. Matthew 5:3 is the third verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. First, He addresses the need for disciples of Jesus to … Lost his savor; become worthless. Salt was important in the ancient Near East because it flavored food, retarded decay in food, and in small doses fertilized land. Alphabetical: again and anything are be become But by can earth except foot for good has how if is it its longer loses made men no of out salt saltiness salty tasteless the thrown to trampled under You. If the saltiness had been lost, it had no value. A.D. 1690), reports that he found lumps of rock-salt there which had become partially flavourless, but I am not aware that this has been confirmed by recent travellers. From kata and pateo; to trample down; figuratively, to reject with disdain. You. & Physically: hospitals & schools, generosity]. ye. In Scripture, mankind, under the unrestrained workings of their own evil nature, are represented as entirely corrupt. inheres doth lose that quality, whereby shall the quality be restored? What belongs to doctrine is applied to the persons to whom the administration of it has been committed. Wherewith shall it be salted?--The words imply a relative if not an absolute impossibility. 5:21 Exodus 20:13 5:22 The Greek word for "brother or sister" ("adelphos" ) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman; also in verse 23. 21 “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, # 5:21 Exodus 20:13 and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ 22 But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister # 5:22 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman; also in verse 23. It is not only good for nothing itself, but it actually destroys all fertility wherever it is thrown; and this is the reason why it is cast into the street. The unfortunate impression given by some scholars, in their eagerness to discern what Jesus might actually have said, which results in their trying to find a core in a number of sayings, is that Jesus simply went around making inane comments, and all the interesting expansions came from the later interpreters, who were all moral geniuses. 24:1 5:37 Or "from evil" 5:38 Exodus 21:24; Lev. The restoration or non-restoration of grace, or true living Christianity, to those who have lost it, has, in our judgment, nothing at all to do here. The picture is probably that of being tossed out as rubbish into the streets, to be later collected by the rubbish collectors, but meanwhile walked over by all. (Compare Mark 9:50.) One Question Bible Study: Spiritual Growth. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou. Matthew Brooke Foss Westcott, Fenton John Anthony Hort, Ed. This question the Saviour answers by pronouncing it unanswerable. His disciples came … A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made … Not a particle of the grace of God remains, or the loser would not be quite good for nothing. There is no replacement for salt. It is the opening verse of the Sermon on the Mount, and the section of the sermon known as the Beatitudes. And this strong answer shows, too, that in the case supposed, the saltness is not almost, but completely gone. Free Reading Plans and Devotionals related to Matthew 5:13. It could also be used as a cleansing agent (Exodus 30:35; 2 Kings 2:19-22; Ezekiel 16:4). Dr. Thomson (vol. Matthew's call by Christ is explicitly described in Matthew 9:9, but ancient writing was not concerned with keeping events in strict order of time. They are rather to reveal the saltiness that God has put within them. 19:21 The actual salt, being more soluble than the impurities, could be leached out, leaving a residue so dilute it was of little worth." Salt and Light. A.D. 1690), reports that he found lumps of rock-salt there which had become partially flavourless, but I am not aware that this has been confirmed by recent travellers. …, Hebrews 6:4-6 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, …. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc. You are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his flavor, with which shall it be salted? Verb - Present Infinitive Middle or Passive. The character and principles of Christians, brought into close contact with it, are designed to arrest the festering corruption of humanity and season its insipidity. The influence here spoken of depends not upon external organizations, but upon the power of Christ in the individual believers. 13.Ye — This must have been addressed especially to the apostles, who doubtless formed the front circle immediately around our Lord. And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came … if the disciples of Christ cease to be an influence for good--cease to practice the principles taught by their Master, they will finally be rejected and trodden upon by the Judge. Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural. The emphasis may be as a contrast to those who would revile them, or it may simply be a positive assessment of them in contrast to the rest of the world. Matthew 5:13. (13) Ye are the salt of the earth.—The words are spoken to the disciples in their ideal character, as the germ of a new Israel, called to a prophetic work, preserving the earth from moral putrescence and decay. There is a sort of verbal verisimilitude in the manner in which our Lord alludes to the act: ‘it is’ cast out’ and ‘trodden under foot;’ so troublesome is this corrupted salt, that it is carefully swept up, carried forth, and thrown into the street. The actual salt, being more soluble than the impurities, could be leached out, leaving a residue so dilute it was of little worth. From the manner in which it is gathered, much earth and other impurities are necessarily collected with it. Christ declares what sort of men he wishes the teachers of his Church to be. From ischus; to have force. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? Back in Jesus’ day they didn’t have the technology we have to refine salt, so it doesn’t lose its taste. The meaning is, If that Christianity on which the health of the world depends, does in any age, region, or individual, exist only in name, or if it contain not those saving elements for want of which the world languishes. The apostles, and in their degree all Christians, are the substance and body of that salt. ‘With what will it be salted?’ There is no way of restoring saltiness to the mass of chemicals that the dissolving of the sodium chloride (salt) has left behind. So with Christians. but, Since living Christianity is the only "salt of the earth," if men lose that, what else can supply its place? ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Bible App. As salt thrown out on the earth, they could also produce fruit to God. Matthew Rainbow Missions, Inc., Rainbow Missions, Inc.; revision of the American Standard Version of 1901, Ed. How sad then if they cease to do His will and become foolish. They are the substance to which the saltness inheres. Matthew 13:4 And as he was sowing, some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured it. Then it will be useless. 4 As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? Ten men who worshipped God would have saved the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 18:32). But if salt loses its taste. The wickedness of the Papists is therefore intolerable: (377) as if it had been the design of Christ, to allow the apostles unbounded liberty, and to make them tyrants of souls, instead of reminding them of their duty, that they might not swerve from the right path. Follow Peace With All Men. And this strong answer shows, too, that in the case supposed, the saltness is not. But how, it may be asked, are Christians to do this office for their fellow-men, if their righteousness only exasperate them, and recoil, in every form of persecution, upon themselves? Mark 4:16 This was spoken to His disciples, not the general run of people. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Matthew 5:13 You are the salt of the earth (Matt. Likewise. Be Present. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Jim Brown's Commentary on the New Testament, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. Read Full Chapter. Mat Mt). [Note: Deatrick, p47.] that the salt which had become unfit for sacrificial use in the store-house was sprinkled in wet weather upon the slopes and steps of the temple to prevent the feet of the priests from slipping, and we may accordingly see in our Lord's words a possible reference to this practice. What follows is the appalling answer to this question. His disciples came … II. The sermon itself may have been much longer than what Matthew includes in chapters 5—7. From ei and an; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc. The innermost part, which had been connected to the rock, retained its savour, as I found by proof.”, former instructions Jesus Christ gave to the multitude. xv.) Colossians 4:6 Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man. Not a particle of the grace of God remains, or the loser would not be quite good for nothing. Matthew 5:13-16 - NIV: “You are the salt of the earth. Some critics have wondered how salt could lose its saltiness since sodium chloride is a stable compound that does not break down. The parable finds its interpretation in Hebrews 6:1-6. Prepare to be an advertisement for the satisfying taste of Jesus by enjoying him yourself. Dr. Thomson (The Land And The Book, vol. But we are inclined to think (with Schoettgen) that the allusion is to the bituminous salt from Lake Asphaltites, which was strewn over the sacrifices at the temple in order, by its fragrant odour, to neutralize the smell of the burning flesh, and which, when spoiled by exposure to sun and atmosphere, was cast out upon the walks to prevent the feet from slipping. Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13; John 6:37; John 9:34). Ye are the salt of the earth - to preserve it from corruption, to season its insipidity, to freshen and sweeten it. That has already been done for them by God. No man will allow it to be thrown on to his field, and the only place for it is in the street, and there it is cast, to be trodden under foot of men.”, But to be cast out and trodden under foot of men.”. If you donate just $5.00, or whatever you can, Catholic Online could keep thriving for years. If the living body to which this gracious. This warning is useful, not only to ministers, but to the whole flock of Christ. Nor is it to be rightly viewed as a mere abstract possibility, which God secures shall never happen, but a practical matter, which may be believed to happen often and ordinarily. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when). 5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. Nor is it to be rightly viewed as a mere abstract possibility, which God secures shall never happen, but a practical matter, which may be believed to happen often and ordinarily. From the manner in which it is gathered, much earth and other impurities are necessarily collected with it. The prior passage recorded the Beatitudes, and now Christ turns to a series of short teachings on various topics. Now this solid salt is intended to salt the world with; but, alas I who shall salt the salt? Thus, before the flood (Genesis 6:11-12); after the flood (Genesis 8:21); in the days of David (Psalms 14:2-3); in the days of Isaiah (Isaiah 1:5-6); and in the days of Paul (Ephesians 2:1-3; see also Job 14:4; Job 15:15-16; John 3:6; compared with Romans 8:8; Titus 3:2-3). The doctrinal bearings of the figure need not be pressed. “In this,” says he, “you may see how the veins of it lie; I brake a piece off it, of which the part that was exposed to the rain, sun, and air, though it had the sparks and particles of salt, yet it had perfectly lost its savour. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Od. Matthew 5:13. ‘You are the salt of the earth.’ While these salts were sometimes used as fertiliser they were not very effective as such, and that idea is probably not intended here. Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Plural. Ye — Not the apostles, not ministers only; but all who possess and manifest the graces spoken of in the preceding verses, and are truly holy and righteous; are the salt of the earth — Appointed to be the means of preventing or curing the growth of that corruption which prevails in the world, and of seasoning men’s minds with wisdom and grace. Matthew 13:6 Others fell on the rocky places, where they did not have much soil; and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil. 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Are dealing with God ’ s sake more than for its corruption is already corrupted but. That same day Jesus went out to sow his seed if not an absolute impossibility Exodus 5:31. Produce fruit to God Christian life, and the section of the earth, withered! Moment here this year, take a minute to donate salt that has its. The consequence would be as here described salt could lose its savour we are with!