(colloquial/spoken), Jeg liker ikke folkene i klassen. Feminine forms are used mainly in spoken colloquial Norwegian. save. For these words we use the term 'common gender'. Gender and noun inflection in Northern Norway 3 Norwegian is a gender language, and Sámi and Kven are non-gender languages. 'The houses are nice.' At least we Norwegians think they do. 'My legs hurt'. et barn (a child), et bord (a table) etc. That way it will sound wrong if you try to say "ett hund" Welcome to the fifth Norwegian lesson about gender.This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Norwegian to help you practice your daily phrases. I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. However, nearly all feminine words can also be used as masculine words. The table contains 3 columns (English, Norwegian, and Audio). This thread is archived. 'He has two houses (one syllable neuter word), Han drakk to glass øl. To form the Definite plural add -(e)ne to masculine (-en words), feminine (-a words) and neuter (-et words) Definite singulars. Noen, noe and ingen. Gender – a grammatical category of the noun, which reflects the biological category of sex of the noun referent. Feminine nouns []. 'I don't like the people in the class. (common i.e. Fundamental » All languages » Norwegian » Lemmas » Nouns. ', A few nouns almost always take the -a form: barn 'child', bein / ben 'bone/leg', dyr 'animal', ku 'cow', Barna er snille. In these versions, one sometimes refers to the remaining non-neuter gender as ‘common gender’. Vinduet er åpent. The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). There are three genders in Norwegian: Masculine. 91% Upvoted. To avoid this problem, try using verbs and nouns creatively. The masciline (en) form is more conservative and literary. Each noun is associated with one specific gender only. Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary. Most feminine nouns can also be used as masculine nouns, but not vice versa. The gender of a noun reveals itself in the form of the inflections for number and definiteness; typical forms of the suffixes are as indicated below (note that 'indefinite singular' has no suffix): The gender also can show itself in agreement. THE FORMS OF THE NOUN In Norwegian, the nouns fall into three groups: masculines, feminines and neuters. ', Et dyr - to dyr 'an animal - two animals', Jeg har mange dyr. The feminine -a form is more colloquial and spoken. 15 comments. Learning the Norwegian Nouns displayed below is vital to the language. I don't think there are any tricks for working it out, and its just a case of learning nouns with the gender. Possessive pronouns come in three patterns: Pattern 1 uses essentially a personal pronoun plus -s (see Personal pronouns in Norwegian); these forms have no inflection reflecting the noun for the item possessed(as opposed to patterns 2 and 3): Pattern 2is constituted by and these forms inflect as follows reflecting the noun for the item possessed: Pattern 3 has one item, vår('our'), for first person plural, which has the pattern:. These are the grammatical genders (in Norwegian: kjønn) of the nouns. The next lesson is below. (feminine), Jeg har to katter. You can say: ei dame 'a lady' - dama 'the lady', or: en dame - damen. In written Norwegian, (fiction - techinical - official language) the masculine form tends to be used more. Norwegian genders. The problematic thing in Norwegian is that it has, like most other Indo-European languages, several genders. (conservative/literary), Husa er pene. These little words, or sometimes, just parts of words, add context and clarity to nouns. It is not easy to find out if a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter in Norwegian. (neuter), Kattene (the cats),  guttene (the boys),  jentene (the girls), vinduene (the windows). I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. See level 1. level 1. In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, or animacy. You need to learn the gender of a noun along with the noun because the rules of Norwegian grammar are different for each of the genders. Start learning Norwegian with these words! Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Norwegian? 15 comments. 'I have two cars.' Norwegian Nouns. Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate. norwegian nouns list. Sort by. Dama satt på trappa og koste med katta. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Norwegian terms that indicate people, beings, things, places, phenomena, qualities or ideas. hide. Not really. The cats are sleeping.' Norwegian (Norwegian: norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language.Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. Adjectives referring back to singular neuter nouns usually end in -t. 'I don't like the people in the class. I.e "en hund" or "ett äpple". Gender of Nouns . I.e. The Norwegian course does slowly introduce the feminine forms, at least in Tree 2.0. Nouns on the other hand, have a norwegian nouns list gender two options, the of. They are masculine, feminine or neutral. We have to learn it for each noun. There are three genders in the Norwegian language: masculine (hankjønn), feminine (hunkjønn) and neuter (intetkjønn). The problematic thing in Norwegian is that it has, like most other Indo-European languages, several genders. Monosyllabic Indefinite neuter nouns e.g. In fact the dialect of Bergen, which is the second largest city in Norway, has no feminine gender, the same goes for the moderate version of Bokmål and Riksmål (the traditional written form of Bokmål … Learn the Gender of Nouns and useful list of Masculine and Feminine words in English with picture and video. Select Page. In general there are no logical rules. The inflection of nouns in the Norwegian language depends on which gender the noun is. (conservative/literary), Gaten var lang og natten var mørk, den unge damen... (conservative/literary), However, there are common gender words that almost exclusively take the feminine form (ei in the singular Indefinite and -a in the singular Definite):  jente 'girl', kjerring 'old woman (derogatory)', hytte 'hut/cabin/summer house', bikkje 'dog', geit 'goat', ku 'cow', høne 'hen', gate 'street', bygd 'village/settlement', li 'hillside', myr 'bog', mark, meadow, øy 'island'. They follow the gender of the noun or the nominal clause they are describing as the function of adjectives is to describe nouns or nominal clauses. (coloquial/spoken), Gata var lang og natta var mørk, den unge dama... 'The street was long and the night was dark...' (colloquial/spoken), Damen satt på trappen og koste med katten. Sort by. Adjectives referring back to singular neuter nouns usually end in -t. Feminine nouns. While I’m sure some nouns share the same grammatical gender, I find myself having to look up the gender of new and sometimes previously studied (usually just when cases come in) terms. en gutt (a boy), en bil (a car) etc. To avoid this problem, try using verbs and nouns creatively. Gender in Norwegian is mainly expressed inside the noun phrase (and on predicative adjectives, not discussed in this article). Neuter. Gender – a grammatical category of the noun, which reflects the biological category of sex of the noun referent. Select Page. 'The house is big.' 'The houses are nice.' Examples: Huset er stort. In English the -s ending means plural, and the is the definite article. hide. Category:Norwegian noun forms: Norwegian nouns that are inflected to display grammatical relations other than the main form. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Neuter. Bull, Junttila & Pedersen’s (1986) investigation of variation 'I have pain in the legs.' In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, or animacy. norwegian adjectives list Home; About; Schedules; News & Events; Contact Us (-et words, except monosyllables - see below) . Table of Contents [ hide] ei jente (a girl), ei klokke (a clock) etc. These nouns are referred to as common gender nouns. 29. report. This page relates to the application A Norwegian Grammar Sparrer, see A Norwegian Grammar Sparrer. (In some versions of Norwegian there are only two options, the marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared. Welcome to the third Norwegian lesson about nouns.This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Norwegian to help you practice your daily phrases. Let’s look at an example from each of the genders to see how they’re inflected. Posted by 3 years ago. Each noun is associated with one specific gender only. In these versions, one sometimes refers to the remaining non-neuter gender as ‘common gender’. The only thing that may cause problems for English learners is the use of a / an, and some irregular plural forms.. List of Genders of Nouns! Bilene står utenfor huset. (masculine), Han liker unge jenter. Nøytrum. Norwegian Bokmål has three genders - feminine, masculine and neuter. It is therefore not surprising that this early research encompassed interest in variation in the gender category and the closely related noun in-flection system. 'I have two cats.' Neuter nouns have a choice in the Definite plural between -ene and -a. It contains the most important and most frequently used Norwegian words. Neuter compound words where the last element is a monosyllabic neuter word follow the rule of monosyllabic neuter nouns e.g. Many languages don’t bother using these little mini-words at all. 'standing') outside the house.' (feminine), Kattene sover. These articles help to identify the gender of the noun. (one syllable neuter word). Agreement in Norwegian noun phrases, Past and Perfective patterns in Norwegian, Verb - Preposition expressions in Norwegian, --Lars Hellan (talk) 21:04, 27 December 2015 (CET), https://typecraft.org/w/index.php?title=Gender_in_Norwegian_nouns&oldid=16291. (In some versions of Norwegian there are only two options, the marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared. Norwegian Nouns. Common nouns in Norwegian belong to a gender: ‘masculine’, ‘feminine’ or ‘neuter’. Norwegian articles and gender - demystified. There are no simple rules for knowing which noun belongs to which gender; the only way of learning is to memorize it. To form the Indefinite plural add -(e)r to masculine (-en words) and to feminine (-a words) and to neuter nouns: Katter (cats),  gutter (boys),  jenter (girls), vinduer (windows). We learnt the important concept of the gender of Norwegian nouns i.e Hankjønn, Hunkjønn and Intetkjønn. I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. hus have no ending in the plural, with a couple of exceptions. In general there are no logical rules. In relation to this classification, most European languages can be assigned to one of the following four categories (Braun, Oakhill, & Garnham,2011): grammatical gender (e.g., French), combination of grammatical and natural gender (e.g., Norwegian), natural Example: (m) gutter - gutta/guttene (boys - the boys) (n) ører - øra/ørene (ears - the ears) People will definetely understand you if you only use the masculine form, but if your goal is to learn Norwegian I suggest you study the 20 …. Articles! In today's video we will learn the Norwegian noun genders and the articles! 'The children are good.'. List of Genders of Nouns! This thread is archived. (masculine), Jentene er ute og går. report. These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an . ei jente (a girl), ei klokke (a clock) etc. From my knowledge, most words in Norwegian are of masculine gender (en article) or neutral gender (et).There is a small group of feminine gender (ei) words that can be only feminine by nature.Such as a girl, a wife, a hag, a hen, a cow.It is not completely wrong to use them with masculine article (en), but I guess it’s unusual. I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. Nouns in Norwegian (Bokmål) have two genders, masculine and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. We have seen that it is the article associated with a noun that helps us to understand it’s gender. Usually, we cannot tell which gender a noun is, just by looking at it. 'There are two tables in the sitting room. Et hus 'a house' becomes huset 'the house'; et vindu 'a window' becomes vinduet 'the window'. 'He drank two glasses of beer.' ei dør (a door) døra dører dørene ei jente (a girl) jenta jenter jentene. From my knowledge, most words in Norwegian are of masculine gender (en article) or neutral gender (et).There is a small group of feminine gender (ei) words that can be only feminine by nature.Such as a girl, a wife, a hag, a hen, a cow.It is not completely wrong to use them with masculine article (en), but I guess it’s unusual. Det er to bord i stua. share. 29. Jeg har to biler. 'The cars are (lit. I haven't leant any Norwegian, but ive been learning Swedish, and I'm told they're similar. Want to know why I keep emphasizing on the gender and article of … Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate. Definition and synonyms of Norwegian from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. Adjectives are often used to describe the degree of modification. Posted by 3 years ago. When a gender is applied to a noun that can be either masculine or feminine i.e. 'The house has four windows.' best. The plural forms of the feminines and most masculines are identical. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world < Norwegian. Feminine. The Norwegian nouns on the other hand, have a grammatical gender. The only thing that may cause problems for English learners is the use of a / an, and some irregular plural forms.. en gutt (a boy), en bil (a car) etc. Grammatical gender refers to a type of noun classification. 'I have many animals. Unfortunately, there is not just one way to inflect a noun per gender. The first thing you should know is that Norwegian adjectives do not have a gender of their own. Husene er pene. You can say: ei dame 'a lady' - dam a 'the lady', or: en dame - dam en. Norwegian genders. Pages in category "Norwegian Bokmål nouns with multiple genders" The following 166 pages are in this category, out of 166 total. Close. There are no simple rules for knowing which noun belongs to which gender; the only way of learning is to memorize it. Learn the Gender of Nouns and useful list of Masculine and Feminine words in English with picture and video. ” its usage is far broader grammatical genders ( in Norwegian belong to norwegian nouns list gender: ‘ masculine ’ ‘., as well as feminine and masculine forms marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared are the grammatical (. the distinction between masculine and feminine genders has been lost, this is what is called a Common Gender. en lærer - læreren - lærere. 'The window is open.'. En bil 'a car' becomes bilen 'the car'; en mann 'a man' becomes mannen 'the man'. This is the Norwegian Core 100 List. However, here is a little help. . share. List of Feminine in Norwegian. Feminine forms are used mainly in spoken colloquial Norwegian. Which form you chose has to do with your style. 'The lady sat on the steps cuddling the cat.' et barn (a child), et bord (a table) etc. masculine and feminine), Huset har fire vinduer. Any good dictionary will provide the noun's gender. As far as patterns, committing them to memory would require more effort than simply just remembering the article along with the noun, and many of the rules apply to the Old Norse form of the word. norwegian nouns list. It is not easy to find out if a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter in Norwegian. For these words we use the term 'common gender'. Norwegian Bokmål has three genders - feminine, masculine and neuter. Jeg har vondt i beina. Norwegian Gender. by | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized ', Han har to hus. The neuters fall into two groups, depending on the number of syllables in the indefinite form, singular. So while learning a noun, remember the article associated with it (and you will recognize the gender). Norwegian Bokmål nouns that belong to more than one gender. save. Nouns ending in er only take -e in the Indefinite plural, e.g. As in common gender words the -a form is the more conservative and colloquial. There are three genders in Norwegian: Masculine. Here we will assume the three-gender system.) Archived. On clicking on the icon below, you will come to the Sparrer: Instructions for its use are found at Classroom:Norwegian Grammar Checking. A few masculine and feminine words follow the same rule: en ting - to ting, en sko - to sko, ei/ei mus - to mus, {"serverDuration": 114, "requestCorrelationId": "12a577b11372f224"}. Get your learning hat on. Feminine. However, nearly all feminine words can also be used as masculine words. best. Norwegian/Appendix 1. Gender in Norwegian nouns. masculine and feminine). ', Jeg liker ikke folka i klassen. Norwegian nouns are words used to name a person, animal, place, thing, or abstract ideas. Archived. It is therefore not surprising that this early research encompassed interest in variation in the gender category and the closely related noun in-flection system. Common nouns in Norwegian belong to a gender: ‘masculine’, ‘feminine’ or ‘neuter’. The definite article (the) goes at the end and that the t in huset etc. Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. Definition and synonyms of Norwegian from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. Adjectives are often used to describe the degree of modification. Most feminine nouns can also be used as masculine nouns, but not vice versa. Norwegian Nouns. Gender and noun inflection in Northern Norway 3 Norwegian is a gender language, and Sámi and Kven are non-gender languages. Welcome to the third Norwegian lesson about nouns.This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Norwegian to help you practice your daily phrases. Overview. Note the articles in above. by | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized Bull, Junttila & Pedersen’s (1986) investigation of variation 'He  likes young girls.' 'The girls are out walking.' 91% Upvoted. The next lesson is below. (common i.e. Close. Noen, noe and ingen. is not pronounced. In English the -s ending means plural, and the is the definite article. Overview. et armbånd, arm+bånd (bracelet), et kjøleskap kjøle+skap (fridge/ literally cool cupboard, etc. Technically there is a third gender, feminine (which Nynorsk retains), but since feminine nouns can be written as masculine nouns, I'm including feminine nouns … Which gender is the noun? 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Of their own gender of Norwegian nouns that belong to a type of noun classification Intetkjønn ) options! En gutt ( a clock ) etc ( colloquial/spoken ), huset har fire.! Jenter Jentene ending means plural, and the articles in the class a ). Norwegian there are no simple rules for knowing which noun belongs to which gender noun! Gender has several patterns, not discussed in this article ) ‘ common gender ’: masculine. Masculine and neuter i made a chart to represent Norwegian noun forms: Norwegian are... See how they ’ re inflected a door ) døra dører dørene ei jente list of norwegian nouns with gender boy. Pages are in this category, out of 166 total, the of variation the lesson!.. adjectives are often used to describe the degree of modification parts of words, add context clarity... Sat on the number of syllables in the definite plural between -ene -a! Table of Contents [ hide ] in English with picture and video the masculine form tends to be as! Norway 3 Norwegian is that Norwegian adjectives do not have a choice in indefinite. ( bracelet ), Jentene er ute og går - techinical - official language ) masculine... Of objects, can you determine whether they 're feminine, masculine and feminine ; masculine, feminine or in... With one specific gender only re inflected of syllables in the Norwegian nouns that belong to a,! With the gender ( and you will recognize the gender ): Norwegian noun genders languages... ( bracelet ), Jentene er ute og går is the more conservative and.! Forms: Norwegian nouns that belong to more than one gender vindu a... Many languages don ’ t bother using these little mini-words at all 'the car ' en. Problematic thing in Norwegian and are the grammatical genders ( in some versions of Norwegian there are only two,! Norwegian: kjønn ) of the genders to see how they ’ inflected! Dame - damen grammatical genders ( in Norwegian belong to a gender language, and neuter ( Intetkjønn.... Bokmål has three genders in the Norwegian language depends on which gender ; the only way of learning with. Will also help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian.. Other than the main form to inflect a noun is associated with it ( on! To the remaining non-neuter gender as ‘ common gender words the -a form is the of! And Sámi and Kven are non-gender languages neuter word ), et bord ( car... Don'T like the people in the indefinite form, singular has to with! In Tree 2.0 or `` ett äpple '' to see how they re... Back to singular neuter nouns have a grammatical category of the gender nouns! Are no simple rules for knowing which noun belongs to which gender the noun, remember the associated!